Eastern Africa Interconnector (Ethiopia - Kenya)
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|Project:||Eastern Africa Interconnector (Ethiopia - Kenya)|
|Remarks||Commencement date 2011/12|
The Ethiopia Kenya Power interconnection project was conceived in 2006 when Ethiopia and Kenya signed a memorandum of understanding that agreed that a power system interconnection between the systems of Ethiopia and Kenya be established.
Ethiopia is endowed with a huge hydro generation potential which is estimated at approximately 45,000 MW. The Government of Ethiopia intends to develop these resources for domestic consumption and export and this proposed line is to act as a major highway to the southern countries such as Tanzania. The enormous potential for electricity trade in the Eastern Nile countries coupled with its socio-economic and environmental benefits will pioneer the idea of a regional power market and enhance the East African Power Pool (EAPP). A major setback to the development of such a market is insufficient transmission infrastructures. This project is expected to help overcome this setback and in addition, create transmission capacity needed in interchange of electric power between Ethiopia and Kenya, in the long run. Further, the project is expected to generate investment opportunities in electricity infrastructure and also give rise to development of other related industries.
The proposed transmission line right-of-way (RoW) crosses from Ethiopia into Kenya approximately 90 km West of Moyale town (grid E 421519, N 397867) and traverses Marsabit, Samburu, Isiolo, Laikipia, Nyandarua and Nakuru. From Moyale the transmission line route runs adjacent to the Great North Highway (Marsabit – Moyale) in a southerly direction avoiding Marsabit National Park. From Marsabit area the route runs southwards at a maximum distance of 500 m parallel to the main Isiolo – Marsabit Highway to Laisamis.
At Laisamis Town the proposed RoW runs close to the road as it enters Losai game reserve keeping a range of about 400 m to 800 m off the road reserve then runs further on to Merille where it diverts slightly westwards running east of Matthews Range, 6 km east of the Lololokwe Mountain peak. It then runs through a stretch of fairly flat land covered by thorny shrubs and bushes, and then turns southwards to the Ngoborbit plateaus and ridges dropping altitude down into Laikipia.
In Laikipia, the propsed RoW continues through the extreme western section of Mpala Ranch which is covered by scattered thickets and bushes. Then it crosses Mutara River into Ndaragwa. The line runs on top ridge of Shamata and then sharply drops altitude to the flat plains of Olobolossat, 3.7 kilometres eastwards of Lake Ol Bolossat. It then traverses the Olkalou Settlement Scheme and cuts across Malewa River, climbing a steep hill then drops altitude to the flat land of Marangishu (karati) and on-wards to Kijabe after crossing the Nakuru – Nairobi highways into plains east of Mt. Longonot into the proposed Suswa Substation.